Asian Law Caucus: Know Your Rights – Stop Unfair Treatment of Chinese American Academics and Scientists
Asian Law Caucus and UC Berkeley Law School: Civil Rights Outreach Project (CROP)
2015/05/09 New York Times: Accused of Spying for China, Until She Wasn’t
|2015/05/21||U.S. Government||2015/05/21 Press conference led by Congresspersons Ted Lieu, Judy Chu, and Mike Honda, House Cannon Building:
Joint Congressional letter by 22 Members to Attorney General
Committee of 100 statement
2015/07/27 Department of Justice: Response to Congressional Request of Investigations
2015/09/14 CAPAC: CAPAC Calls on DOJ and FBI to Examine Ethnic Profiling Practices
2015/10/22 CSPAN: Rep. Chu Questions FBI Director Comey on Wrongful Investigations of Chinese Americans
2015/11/05 Joint Letter by 42 Congressional Members: Requesting Attorney General Investigation into Wrongful Indictments Against Asian Americans for Alleged Espionage
2015/11/06 Los Angeles Times: Rep. Lieu joins call for Justice investigation of arrested Chinese American scientists
2015/11/07 National Public Radio: Discrimination Suspect In Chinese-American Scientists’ Arrests
CAPAC: CAPAC Joins Wrongly Accused Asian American Scientists to Call for Accountability from DOJ and an End to Profiling
Letter to AG Lynch: by Senator Tom Carper and Representative John Carney
2015/11/23 U.S. Commission on Civil Rights calls for DOJ Investigation
PR News: Press Release
USCCR: Letter to the Attorney General
2015/12/04 Delaware Congressional Delegation: Letter to the Attorney General
2015/12/21 Department of Justice: Reply to Congressman Ted Lieu
2016/01/15 Department of Justice: Reply to Delaware Congressional Delegation
2016/02/29 Department of Jsutice: Reply to Congresswoman Judy Chu
2016/04/27 NBC News: Advocates Say Espionage Case Rule Changes Fall Short for Previously Accused Scientists
2016/05/13 CAPAC: CAPAC Members Demand Independent Investigation Into Cases Targeting Asian Americans
2016/07/15 U.S. Commission on Civil Rights: Calling DOJ IG to Conduct Independent Investigation
2016/08/11 DOJ/OIG: Letters to the USCCR and 81 Private Organizations Concerning Espionage Investigations and Prosecutions of Asian American and Pacific Islander Scientists
2016/08/30 FBI: The FBI’s Approach to the Cyber Threat
2016/09/28 House Judiciary Committee: Oversight of the FBI
2016/10/25 MIT Technology Review: The Decline in Chinese Cyberattacks: The Story Behind the Numbers
2016/10/31 DOJ: DOJ Response to CAPAC OPR Letter
2017/03/08 FBI: Response to Congresswoman Judy Chu’s inquiry
2017/07/05 DOJ: Response to Chinese American Scientist Inquiries
|2016/04/14||Allen Ho||Allen Ho is a naturalized U.S. citizen born in Taiwan. He is a nuclear engineer and independent consultant.
2016/04/05 U.S. District Court: Indictment
|2015/05/21||Xiaoxing Xi||Xiaoxing Xi is a naturalized U.S. citizen born in China. He was Chair and is current Professor of the Physics Department at Temple University.
Xiaoxing Xi Legal Defense Fund
|2014/10/20||Sherry Chen||Xiafen “Sherry” Chen is a naturalized U.S. citizen born in China. She was a hydrologist at the National Weather Service.
Sherry Chen Legal Defense Fund
|2013/10/07||Guoqing Cao & Shuyu Li||Guoqing Cao and Shuyu Li are naturalized U.S. citizens born in China. They were biologists at the Eli Lilly and Company.
U.S. District Court: USA v. CAO et al
Rep. Frank Wolf
|Bo Jiang is a Chinese National. He was a contract researcher at the Langley Research Center, National Aeronautics Space Administration (NASA). His case was unusual due to the direct interference of a U.S. Congressman.
|2011/10/07||National Insider Threat Program||President Barrack Obama issued Executive Order 13587 on October 7, 2011, directing federal departments and agencies, with classified networks, to establish insider threat detection and prevention programs.
2011/10/07 White House: Executive Order 13587 — Structural Reforms to Improve the Security of Classified Networks and the Responsible Sharing and Safeguarding of Classified Information
|2008/06/24||Haiping Su||Haiping Su is a naturalized U.S. citizen born in China. He was an Earth Scientist at Ames Research Center, National Aeronautics Space Administration (NASA).
2008/06/24: Haiping Su was denied access as “a security risk” to the facilities by a debarment letter and escorted out of the research center.
|2001/09/11||Big Data, Civil Liberties and National Security||Automated Targeting System: American Civil Liberties Union Electronic Privacy Information Center
EPIC.org: Algorithmic Transparency: End Secret Profiling
Emptywheel.net: Timeline on Warrantless Wiretap
2007/05/15 Washington Post: White House Edits to Privacy Board’s Report Spur Resignation
|1999/12/10||Wen Ho Lee||Wen Ho Lee is a naturalized U.S. citizen born in Taiwan. He was a nuclear physcist contractor at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy.
A collection of 153 articles by the New York Times beginning with:
1999/03/09 New York Times: U.S. Fires Scientist Suspected Of Giving China Bomb Data
|1996/10/11||Economic Espionage||The Economic Espionage Act of 1996, also known as the National Information Infrastructure Protection Act, covers primarily 18 U.S. Code § 1831 Economic Espionage and 18 U.S. Code § 1832 Theft of Trade Secrets, but the charges may extend to illegal exports and a variety of possible alternatives such as Wire Fraud or False Statement.
DOJ National Security Division: Most Recent “Fact Sheet”
2009/09/27 Wall Street Journal: You Commit Three Felonies a Day
|1943/02/19||Japanese American Internment||President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed and issued Executive Order 9066 during World War II on February 19, 1942, authorizing the Secretary of War to prescribe certain areas as military zones. Eventually, E.O. 9066 cleared the way for the internment of more than 110,000 Japanese Americans.|
|1882/05/06||Chinese Exclusion Act||Materials in this section are based primarily on the book Forbidden Citizens written by Martin Gold. Congress passed restrictive legislation between 1879 and 1904. The most notorious was the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, described as “one of the most vulgar forms of barbarism,” by Rep. John Kasson (R-IA) in 1882.
1882: After President Chester A. Arthur vetoed a 20-year exclusion bill on April 4, 1882, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 for a 10-year suspension of skilled and unskilled laborer immigration from China. Congress kept the provision expressly prohibiting courts from naturalizing Chinese persons. Chinese who were already in the U.S. were entitled to government-issued certificates allowing them to return to the U.S. The House passed the bill with a vote of 201 yes, 37 no and 53 not voting. The Senate amended the bill and passed it by a vote of 32 yes, 15 no and 29 not voting. The House passed the Senate-amended bill by voice vote. President Arthur signed it into law on May 6, 1882.
1892: Congress passed the Geary Act in 1892, which:
1902: Congress indefinitely extended all Chinese Exclusion Laws that were consistent with treaty obligations. Policies set forth in the 1902 Act, which included application of Chinese exclusion to Hawaii and the Philippines, were to remain in force so long as Gresham-Yang Treaty of 1894 was active. The Chinese population in California had been reduced from 75,000 to 45,600 in 20 years of exclusion. The Chinese population in the U.S. was less than 90,000 in 1900. In comparison, the number of immigrants coming to the U.S. in one year, most of them Europeans, was approaching half a million. The U.S. had announced the Open Door Policy in regards to China in 1900. In America, voters demanded Chinese exclusion. In China, U.S. businessmen demanded “The Open Door.” Nationalism was rising in China at this time. The Chinese Minister Wu Tingfang submitted a lengthy letter of protest against the atmosphere of hostility against the Chinese in the pending U.S. legislation to extend the exclusion policy and sought China’s consent for its enactment. Senator Jacob Gallinger validated Minister Wu’s vehement objections and concluded with a prescient admonition: “[The Chinese] are a great people. The Empire is a sleeping giant, that will some time rouse from her slumbers, and it will be well for the United States to then be her friend. Let us be just in this matter.” Senator George Hoar was the last to speak in the Senate debate. He had been a senator since 1877, all through the exclusion era, and he had been an unceasing opponent of the policy. He would die in office in 1904. On April 16, 1902, he made one last statement denouncing the exclusion policy: “I hold that every human soul has its rights, dependent upon individual personal worth and not dependent upon color or race…As this bill violates that principle, I am bound to record my protest, if I stand alone.” The final vote in the Senate was 76 to 1 for passage of the indefinite extension of 1902. President Theodore Roosevelt signed the extension legislation into law on April 29, 1902.
1943: Congress repealed all laws “relating to the exclusion and deportation of the Chinese” in 1943 President Franklin Roosevelt asked Congress to end the Chinese exclusion laws. The existence of such discriminatory, racial laws had been fodder for Japanese propaganda within China during World War II. Reprsentative Warren Magnuson sponsored egislation to repeal the exclusion laws in 1943. Although there was dissent in both the House and the Seante, and labor and veteran organizations exprsssed misgivings, repeal was broadly supported by Democrats and Republicans and passed by voice votes. President Roosevelt signed the Chinese Exclusion Repeal Act, also known as the Magnuson Act, on Decemnber 17, 1943.
2012: On May 26, 2011, House Resolution 282 was submitted by Representatives Judy Chu and Judy Biggert, and Senate Resolution 201 by Senators Scott Brown and Dianne Feinstien to formally express regret for the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and other legislation that discriminated against people of Chinese origin in the United States. The U.S. Senate passed Resolution 201 by voice vote on October 6, 2011. The House passed House Resolution 683 by voice vote on June 18, 2012.